The benefit of switching to prescription contact lenses is the freedom of wearing contacts. Glasses can fall off or even restrict your vision, especially during swimming. Contact lenses seem like the obvious choice for swimming, but is swimming with your contact lenses safe. Continue reading to learn more from the eye care experts at your local eyecarecenter.
Any time water — from a pool, a lake, or a faucet — gets into your eyes while wearing contacts, you risk encountering dangerous bacteria that can cause harmful infections. You may believe the chlorine added to the pool’s water eliminates harmful germs, but it’s still not a completely sanitary environment. Though chlorine does kill most germs, it cannot kill every germ in a swimming pool. Some viruses and bacteria can even prosper in pool water. Swimming pool chemical composition constantly changes, allowing dangerous bacteria to develop quickly. Your risk of developing an eye infection increases if you wear contacts in the pool. After swimming with contacts in, your contacts will continue to host harmful bacteria on the eye's surface. Even if you don't wear contact lenses, chlorine can irritate your eyes. If you find that they are red, irritated, or light-sensitive after swimming, flush your eyes with a saline solution to ease your discomfort.
Not only does the water in pools present a risk for contact lens wearers. Many types of germs and pathogens are circulating in water sources, such as tap water, lake water, and ocean water. One particularly dangerous germ is a microscopic parasite known as Acanthamoeba. When water containing Acanthamoeba encounters a soft contact lens, it can change the shape of the lenses or stick to the eye. Soft lenses are exceptionally porous, allowing them to absorb more water than other lenses. That's not just uncomfortable; it's risky. Your cornea, which is the clear dome covering the colored area of your eye, can become scratched. This makes it easier for germs to enter your eye and cause a severe infection. Once the cornea is scratched, the Acanthamoeba parasite can enter the eye and cause an infection known as Acanthamoeba keratitis. This infection can be quite painful and challenging to treat, sometimes persisting for a year or more. In rare cases, it can even lead to blindness.
Although contacts offer significant benefits to those who wear them, wearing contact lenses while in water can increase your risk for:
Dry eye syndrome, especially from chlorine or saltwater
Scratches or corneal abrasions
Although wearing your contacts in the pool is dangerous, there are times when you need them to see. Learning to safely wear your contacts while swimming is vital, reducing your risk of developing a harmful eye infection. If you must wear your contact lenses in the water, follow these suggestions:
Reduce the risk of dry eyes using artificial tears or re-wetting drops before and after swimming.
Wear secure, tight-fitting goggles, or purchase a pair of prescription swim goggles
Remove contacts immediately after swimming, then clean and disinfect in a contact lens solution for 24 hours
Wear daily disposable contact lenses and discard them after swimming
Even if you're not a swimmer, you must pay attention to other water sources when wearing contact lenses. The water source may be filled with dangerous pathogens. The FDA recommends avoiding all sources of water while wearing contacts, including:
To reduce the risk of infection, it's best to remove contact lenses before any of these activities. If water gets into your eyes while wearing your contact lenses, remove them as soon as possible. Then, clean and disinfect them overnight with a contact solution. You can also throw the lenses away and start a fresh pair. While taking your contacts out each time you're around water may be inconvenient, it will dramatically reduce your risk of an eye infection. In addition, eyecarecenter recommends always carrying a contact case and solution in case of a contact emergency. This allows you to take your contacts out whenever you need. Always keep a spare pair of eyeglasses with you as well.
Have you noticed irregular eye issues after swimming or wearing your contacts in water? You may have an eye infection. Here's what to look for:
Redness or pain
A yellow or mucus-like discharge
If you notice any of these symptoms, contact your local eyecarecenter immediately.
If you think you may have an eye infection from swimming with your contacts in, schedule an exam with a skilled eye doctor at your local eyecarecenter. You and your doctor will assess your injury, provide treatment options, and get you back to seeing clearly in no time.